CURRENT UPDATES: TODAY2 TO TODAY+2
• Tien An Men bloodbath continues... • West Papua independence... • US women may vote... • Battle of Midway... • Taft~Hartley Act... • 1st Barbary War ends... • George III in born... • Condamnés à mort par la Révolution... • Train crosses US in 83 hours... • Ford's Quadricycle... • US war against UK... • Laos neutral (ha!)... • Walt's Marine command in Vietnam... • Spy for Israel pleads guilty... • Angela Davis acquitted... • Robert B. Anderson is born... • Robert W. Anderson is born... • The Heart is a Lonely Hunter...
|On a June 04:|
Ex-CEO of Tyco is indicted for art sales tax evasion.
Dennis Kozlowski, who, the previous day, was forced to resign as chief executive of Tyco International, is indicted for conspiring with art galleries and consultants in New York and London to avoid paying more than $1 million in state and city sales taxes on artworks costing millions of dollars.
On 03 June Tyco's board forced the resignation of Kozlowski. This deepens the crisis at Tyco, a conglomerate that has a quarter-million employees and manufactures, designs, and sells electronic components, undersea cable, disposable medical supplies, fire suppression and detection equipment, security systems and flow control products. Tyco's stock (TYC) has lost three-quarters of its value in the first five months of 2002, leaving investors $85 billion poorer. [5~year TYC price chart >]
The forced resignation of Kozlowski represents the end of the stock market boom of the 1990's. He is the epitome of a group of swashbuckling C.E.O.'s who came along in the 1990s and who called themselves, audaciously, the serial acquirers. Kozlowski was the most aggressive of all. Other executives, like Bernard J. Ebbers, who lost his job in April as chief executive of WorldCom, confined themselves to one industry. Kozlowski sought to build a giant multi-industry corporation, following in the footsteps of the conglomerate builders of the 1960's, like Harold Geneen of ITT.
Conglomerates usually fail, because running a diverse group of companies is much harder than buying them.
MORE AT ART 4 JUNE
(22 Jestha 2058) Third Nepalese King in 4 days.
After parricide King Dipendra of Nepal dies early in the morning, ending his 3-day comatose reign on life support, his uncle, regent-for-3 days Prince Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev [December 2000 photo >], becomes king and is enthroned at 11:00 [< photo].
It is the second time that Gyanendra has been crowned. In November 1950, the then Rana prime minister had made him king at the age of four after King Tribhuvan and King Mahendra secretly left Kathmandu for India to return in February 1951 to restore the House of the Shahs in Nepal. Not counting Gyanendra's brief kingship then, he will be the 12th Shah king of Nepal in a dynasty that stretches back to Prithvi Narayan Shah, the unifier of modern Nepal.
King Gyanendra was born in July 1947 and is the middle brother of King Birendra who died shot by his son Dipendra on 01 June 2001. Gyanendra is married to Princess Komal was wounded in the shooting. They have a son and daughter. Gyanendra completed his Senior Cambridge from St. Joseph's College, Darjeeling, India, and graduated from Tribhuvan University with a B.A. degree. A former hunter, Gyanendra became a keen conservationist who heads the King Mahendra Trust for Nature Conservation and is member of the World Wildlife Fund for Nature Conservation. The Trust’s flagship work is the much-acclaimed Annapurna Area Conservation Project which has been credited with a sustainable eco-tourism programme.
Crown Prince Dipendra had been declared king after massacring his family on 01 June and his suicide attempt putting him into a coma. No credible official explanation of the royal massacre having been given, there is great unrest among the Nepalese population.
Thousands of angry mourners who refused to believe Crown Prince Dipendra killed his family and then himself lobbed rocks outside the palace, chanting "Dipendra is innocent" and "We don't want Gyanendra." Armed riot police fired tear gas to disperse them. Soldiers beat demonstrators with batons and fired warning shots in other parts of Katmandu. Two people were killed and 19 others injured. Police ordered an overnight curfew, and state-run radio warned residents to remain indoors.
New King Gyanendra addresses briefly the Nepalese nation:
"Beloved citizens, I am extremely saddened to tell you that His Majesty King Dipendra is no more with us. In his tenure as King, we as Prince Regent had addressed you earlier. In that address, we had referred to the tragic incident at the Royal Palace on Friday, 19 Jestha 2058, but there were constitutional and legal difficulties in expressing what had actually transpired. Now that the situation has changed, we will make an investigation into the incident and urgently let the beloved citizens know the outcome. We are convinced that all Nepalis must be solemn and united in living through these tragic times. May Lord Pashupatinath Bless Us All. Jaya Nepal"
| 2000 President Clinton and Russian President Putin end their summit
by conceding differences on missile defense, agreeing to dispose of weapons-grade
plutonium and pledging early warning of missile and space launches
1991 The government of China announces 14 May death by suicide of Jiang Qing, 77, discredited widow of Mao Tse-tung.
1985 Prueba nuclear francesa subterránea en el atolón de Mururoa, en el Pacífico Sur.
1982 Israel attacks targets in south Lebanon Invasión del Líbano por tropas israelíes, que llegan hasta Beirut.
1979 Dimite el presidente de la República de Sudáfrica, Balthazar Vorster.
1970 El Salvador y Honduras firman un acuerdo en San José de Costa Rica que pone fin a la Guerra del Fútbol.
1956 Speech by Khrushchev blasting Stalin made public
1954 In Paris, French Premier Joseph Laniel and Vietnamese Premier Buu Loc initial treaties according "complete independence" to Vietnam.
1944 First submarine captured and boarded on high seas
1944 US 5th Army enters and begins liberating Rome from Mussolini's Fascist armies and Hitler's, during World War II. Segunda Guerra Mundial: entrada de los aliados en Roma.
1943 Se constituye en Argel el Comité Francés de Liberación Nacional, presidido por Charles De Gaulle y Henri-Honoré Giraud.
1939 The S.S. St. Louis, carrying more than 900 Jewish
refugees from Germany, is turned away from the Florida coast.
1929 George Eastman demonstrates first technicolor movie (Rochester NY)
1927 Ahmed Sukarno funda en Yakarta el Partido Nacional Indonesio, cuyo objetivo es la independencia.
1920 Treaty of Trianon Se firma el Tratado de Trianon, acuerdo entre los Aliados y Hungría en el que se delimitan las fronteras entre Checoslovaquia, Alemania y Yugoslavia.
1919 US marines invade Costa Rica
1901 Se establece en Suecia el servicio militar obligatorio.
1896 Henry takes his first Ford through streets of Detroit
1878 Cyprus ceded by Turkey to Britain for administrative purposes El sultán de Turquía cede la posesión de la isla de Chipre a Gran Bretaña.
1863 Siege of Vicksburg, Mississippi continues
1863 Confederate General Robert E. Lee continues to mobilize his army for an invasion of Pennsylvania by sending Richard Ewell's corps out of Fredericksburg toward the Shenandoah Valley.
1832 3rd US national Black convention meets (Phila)
1825 Unseasonable hurricane hits NYC
1784 Mme Thible becomes first woman to fly (in a balloon)
1783 Montgolfier brothers launch first hot-air balloon (unmanned) Los hermanos Montgolfier realizan su primera demostración pública de ascensión en globo, en Annonay (Francia).
1745 Prussians defeat Austrians at Hohenfriedeberg
1647 British army seizes King Charles I as a prisoner
1070 Roquefort cheese created in a cave near Roquefort, France
--780 -BC- first total solar eclipse reliably recorded, by Chinese
| Deaths which
occurred on a June 04: ^top^
2002 At least 5, possibly 450 persons as an Orontes River dam (built in 1996) collapses in heavy rain after been hit by a landslide, and a 3-meter high wall of water destroys the village of Zeyzoun, Syria (population 450), near Idlib.
2002 Michael Antinori, 30, when the single-engine Cessna he is piloting crashes into a wooded area near Tampa after circling aimlessly for an hour after taking off from Tampa airport without a flight plan. Suicide is suspected as Antinori was also the pilot and owner of a helicopter that crashed into a home in Tampa the previous night, when he suffered minor injuries.
2002 Fernando Belaunde Terry, twice ineffective President of Peru (196303 Oct 1968 coup, 198028 Jul 1985), born on 07 October 1912.
2001 King Dipendra of Nepal, his uncle Dhirendra, and two rioters.
Dipendra's death at 03:45 ends his 3-day comatose reign on life support. He had been declared king after massacring his father King Birendra and many in his family on 1 June and his suicide attempt putting him into a coma. His uncle, regent-for-3 days Gyanendra becomes king. Dhirendra Shah, 51, Birendra's younger brother, also dies (at 17:57), of injuries he suffered in the 1 June shoot-out at the Royal Palace,
No credible official explanation of the royal massacre having been given, there is great unrest among the Nepalese population, some of which riot chanting "Dipendra is innocent" and "We don't want Gyanendra." Armed riot police fire tear gas to disperse them. Soldiers beat demonstrators with batons and fired warning shots. Two people are killed and 19 injured.
Hundreds of demonstrators in the 2rd day of clearing Tiananmen
The previous day, with protests for democratic reforms entering their seventh week, the Chinese government oldered its soldiers and tanks to reclaim Beijing’s Tiananmen Square at all cost. By the end of June 4, Chinese troops had forcibly cleared Tiananmen Square and Beijing's streets, killing hundreds of demonstrators and arresting thousands of protestors and other suspected dissidents.
On April 15, the death of Hu Yaobang, a former Communist Party head who supported democratic reforms, roused some 100'000 students to gather at Beijing's Tiananmen Square to commemorate Hu and voice their discontent with China's authoritative Communist government. On April 22, an official memorial service for Hu Yaobang was held in Tiananmen's Great Hall of the People, and student representatives carried a petition to the steps of the Great Hall, demanding to meet with Premier Li Peng. The Chinese government refused such a meeting, leading to a general boycott of Chinese universities across the country and widespread calls for democratic reforms.
Ignoring government warnings of violent suppression of any mass demonstration, students from more than forty universities began a march to Tiananmen on April 27. The students were joined by workers, intellectuals, and civil servants, and by mid-May over a million people filled the square, the site of Communist leader's Mao Zedong's proclamation of the People's Republic of China in 1949.
On May 20, the government formally declared martial law in Beijing, and troops and tanks were called in to disperse the dissidents. However, large numbers of students and citizens blocked the army's advance, and by May 23, government forces had pulled back to the outskirts of Beijing.
On June 3 and 4 Chinese troops carry out orders from the Chinese government to seize control of Tiananmen Square and the streets of Beijing, killing hundreds and arresting thousands. In the weeks after the government crackdown, an unknown number of dissidents are executed and hard-liners in the government take firm control of the country.
The international community was outraged by the incident, and economic sanctions imposed by the United States and other countries sent China's economy into decline. However, by late 1990, international trade had resumed, thanks in part to China's release of several hundred imprisoned dissidents.
Chinese troops storm through Tiananmen Square in the center of Beijing, killing and arresting thousands of pro-democracy protesters. The brutal Chinese government assault on the protesters shocked the West and brought denunciations and sanctions from the United States. In May 1989, nearly a million Chinese, mostly young students, crowded into central Beijing to protest for greater democracy and call for the resignations of Chinese Communist Party leaders deemed too repressive. For nearly three weeks, the protesters kept up daily vigils, and marched and chanted. Western reporters captured much of the drama for television and newspaper audiences in the United States and Europe. On June 4, 1989, however, Chinese troops and security police stormed through Tiananmen Square, firing indiscriminately into the crowds of protesters. Turmoil ensued, as tens of thousands of the young students tried to escape the rampaging Chinese forces. Other protesters fought back, stoning the attacking troops and overturning and setting fire to military vehicles. Reporters and Western diplomats on the scene estimated that at least 300, and perhaps thousands, of the protesters had been killed and as many as 10,000 were arrested. The savagery of the Chinese government's attack shocked both its allies and Cold War enemies. Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev declared that he was saddened by the events in China. He said he hoped that the government would adopt his own domestic reform program and begin to democratize the Chinese political system. In the United States, editorialists and members of Congress denounced the Tiananmen Square massacre and pressed for President George Bush to punish the Chinese government. A little more than three weeks later, the US Congress voted to impose economic sanctions against the People's Republic of China in response to the brutal violation of human rights.
El Ejército chino dispara indiscriminadamente contra la multitud que ocupaba la plaza de Tiannamen, en Pekín, y causa decenas de muertos y cientos de heridos.
Radio Beijing English Service (0400 UT 11685 MHz) Date: 4 Jun 89 06:26:22 UT http://www.cnd.org/June4th/1989.06-04.hz8.html
"Please remember June the Third, 1989. The most tragic event happened in the Chinese Capital, Beijing. Thousands of people, most of them innocent civilians, were killed by fully-armed soldiers when they forced their way into city. Among the killed are our colleagues at Radio Beijing. The soldiers were riding on armored vehicles and used machine guns against thousands of local residents and students who tried to block their way. When the army conveys made the breakthrough, soldiers continued to spray their bullets indiscriminately at crowds in the street. Eyewitnesses say some armored vehicles even crushed foot soldiers who hesitated in front of the resisting civilians. Radio Beijing English Department deeply mourns those who died in the tragic incident and appeals to all its listeners to join our protest for the gross violation of human rights and the most barbarous suppression of the people.
Because of the abnormal situation here in Beijing there is no other news we could bring you. We sincerely ask for your understanding and thank you for joining us at this most tragic moment."
It was a night to remember, a night of savagery. As dawn broke over China's capital Sunday, the Avenue of Eternal Peace had become a street of tears.
Chinese troops massacred unarmed civilians this morning, cutting a bloody swath through Beijing and rolling into student-occupied Tiananmen Square with tanks and armored personnel carriers. Hundreds of people were killed and hundreds wounded as the military put a violent end to a peaceful protest.
It was a night of blood, pandemonium and defiance as tracer rounds flashed over the Statue of Liberty erected by demonstrators in the square and AK-47 rounds ricocheted off government buildings.
As heavy smoke rose from the square, a helicopter was seen landing. The firing was too intense for reporters to get to the square itself. Shortly after 10 a.m. Beijing time, soldiers were still firing on unarmed demonstrators remaining in the steets, and this reporter saw 10 persons die in one clash alone. Military helicopters were swooping low over the city, and there were unconfirmed reports of fighting in outlying sections of Beijing.
Security forces fired directly into the crowds. At 3:30 a.m. on the avenue near the Forbidden City, several hundred soldiers knelt and fired hundreds of rounds into a great mass of demonstrators who had been driven about a hundred yards down the main artery. This reporter saw at least eight persons killed and dozens wounded in the intense fusillade, which lasted more than five minutes. Most of the wounds were in the chest and stomach.
Bicycle rickshaw drivers, the heroes of the violent night, pedaled between the crowds and the military and bundled the wounded into the backs of their flimsy vehicles, then pedaled them to safety.
Several people were crushed to death by armored vehicles that roared toward the square. Soldiers were also killed by the vehicles.
"Murderers," the crowd screamed as heavy fire continued. "Li Peng, murderer." It was Premier Li Peng who declared martial law.
There were pools and smears of blood up and down the avenue as well as bodies of the dead. People dipped their hands in the blood and held it up to the journalists remaining on the scene. "Show the world what the Chinese government has done to its people," said one young man.
The violence began at 2 p.m. yesterday when security forces fired volleys of tear gas at demonstrators. Later, crowds confronted several thousand soldiers massed outside the Great Hall of the People, China's capitol, and overturned a military jeep.
The worst fighting of the night occurred around the Minzu Hotel, west of the square, where grim-faced troops opened fire with tracer bullets and live ammunition on milling crowds blocking their access to the square.
Scores of people were wounded. Some of the bodies were laid out on the side of the road as the troops moved on to take the square, which has been the symbol of China's democratic movement for the last seven weeks.
One tank ran into the back of another one that had stalled on the Jianguomenwai overpass. As they hurriedly bounced apart, the machine guns on their turrets began to train on the approaching crowd of about 10'000.
The crowd, in a do-or-die mood, tried to board them but the tanks rumbled on. Then troops leapt off a convoy of trucks in their wake and fired volleys of tear gas and bullets as the crowd took cover in bushes or climbed over a spiked fence into a compound for foreigners, where trembling students and young workers hid in corridors and the elevator.
At about 11 p.m. a huge blast was heard and a fireball rose about a mile from the square. The cause of the explosion was unclear, but it occurred in an area where security forces were massed.
The main attack began in the middle of the night when armored vehicles crashed through the street barricades. Two of the vehicles were set ablaze by the angry demonstrators and were destroyed. Automatic rifle fire crackled continuously in the heart of the city.
There were continual broadcasts on government-run television urging people to stay off the streets and telling all foreign reporters to leave the area.
"They murdered the people...They just shot the people down like dogs, with no warning," said a man whose shirt was soaked with blood. "I carried a woman to an ambulance, but I think she was dead."
"Please," he said, "you must tell the world what has happened here. We need your protection from our government."
"You see, this is how your government loves you," said a woman huddling under a tree along the roadway with her 8-year-old son.
"Our people are in shock," said one woman, tears flowing down her cheeks.
"Our nation has become a hell."
On 4 June 2001, the National Security Archive puts The US "Tiananmen Papers" on the internet at http://www.nsarchive.org/NSAEBB/NSAEBB47
1989 Ayatalloh Ruhullah Khomeini of Iran, 86, of internal bleeding
Jomeini, ayatola y dirigente político de la revolución islámica de
1982 Rebecca Lynn Williams, raped and stabbed at noontime in Culpeper, Virginia, , dies a few hours later after indicating that the murderer was a black man acting alone. On 21 May 1983 Earl Washington Jr, 22, IQ 69, is arrested on unrelated charges, then confesses to 5 crimes including this one. He is sentenced to death. DNA evidence exculpates him in 1993, but he is kept in prison until 2001 on the other charge, though he has been in prison much longer than it warrants.
1973 Fréchet, mathematician.
1963 William Baziotes, US Abstract Expressionist painter born on 11 June 1912. LINKS
1957 Adolf Dietrich, Swiss artist born on 09 November 1877.
1951 Víctor Hugo Cárdenas Conde, político boliviano.
1946 Lindelöf, mathematician
1925 Camille Flammarion, astrónomo francés.
1905 Emilio García Gómez, arabista y académico español.
1899 Eugenio Beltrami, mathematician
1885 Louis Burt Mayer, estadounidense, fundador de la Metro-Goldwin-Mayer.
1879 Frederick Richard Lee, British painter born on 10 June 1798. LINKS The Overhanging Trees, [with cows in a stream]
1842 Hippolyte-Camille Delpy, French artist born in 1842.
1830 Antonio José de Sucre, héroe de la independencia hispanoamericana, muere asesinado.
1818 Egbert van Drielst, Dutch artist born in 1746.
1798 Giaccomo Casanova, aventurero italiano.
1737 François Le Moyne (or Le Moine, Lemoine), French Rococo era painter, born in 1688, who commits suicide by stabbing himself nine times, a few hours after completing Time Saving Truth from Falsehood and Envy. MORE ON LE MOYNE AT ART 4 JUNE LINKS Hercules and Omphale _ Hercules and Omphale _ Hercules and Omphale _ For murdering his friend Iphitus in a fit of madness Hercules was sold as a slave to Omphale, queen of Lydia, for three years (Apollodorus 2.6:3). But she soon alleviated his lot by making him her lover. Time Saving Truth from Falsehood and Envy Pygmalion Seeing His Statue Come to Life Hunting Picnic Bather _ Bather The Continence of Scipio by Le Moyne _ From the Renaissance onwards The Continence of Scipio was an extremely popular subject in European art. During the Second Punic War (218-201 BC), the Roman military commander Publius Cornelius Scipio (c. 235-183 BC) took the city of New Carthage in Spain. The Romans gained vast booty and the historian Livy tells how Scipio could have taken as his concubine the most beautiful and noble girl of the city, captured along with many others, but (containing himself) did not make use of his right, returning her to her beloved. by other artists: The Continence of Scipio by Batoni [25 Jan 25 1708 04 Feb 1787] forms a pair with Thetis Takes Achilles from the Centaur Chiron (the theme was probably found in De Genealogia Deorum Gentilium of Giovanni Boccaccio [Jun/Jul 1313 21 Dec 1375]). dell'Abbate 's The Continence of Scipio Eeckhout's The Continence of Scipio (1652) [giant size reproduction] van Mander's The Continence of Scipio (1600) [giant size reproduction] Pellegrini's The Continence of Scipio Reynolds's The Continence of Scipio Steen's The Continence of Scipio Bellini's Continence of Scipio (left half), _ (right half) _ detail Poussin's The Noble Deed of Scipio Van Dyck's The Continence of Scipio MORE ON THE CONTINENCE OF SCIPIO
1681 Cornelis Saftleven, Dutch painter born in 1607. MORE ON SAFTLEVEN AT ART 4 JUNE LINKS The Duet
1076 Sancho IV, rey de Navarra.
| Births which occurred on
a June 04: ^top^
1926 Robert Earl Hughes, grew up, and grew out, and grew out, and grew out, and became heaviest known human (486 kg)
1917 Howard Metzenbaum (Sen-D-Ohio)
1881 Natalia Sergeevna Gontcharova, Russian artist who died on 17 October 1962. MORE ON GONTCHAROVA AT ART 4 JUNE LINKS Costume espagnol Grime Two Women Study for a Section of stage set Stage set design for act 1 [Bal Banal] Stage Design for Act I Chota Roustaveli: Project L'Oiseau de Feu: Costume pour 12 Princesses Simples Costume for a Peasant Girl L'Oiseau de Feu: Costume Costume for a Male Dancer Rayonism Spanish Dancer
1877 Heinrich Wieland German chemist (bile acids-Nobel 1927)
1871 Louis Soutter, Swiss artist who died on 20 February 1942.
1867 Carl Gustaf Mannerheim Finland, military hero, President (1944-46)
1817 Henricus Engelbertus Reyntjens, Dutch artist who died in 1899 or 1900.
1809 Pratt, mathematician