CURRENT UPDATES: TODAY2 TO TODAY+2
• Ich bin ein Berliner... • March Against Fear... • US WW I troops arrive in France... • FBI provokes shootout at Pine Ridge... • Pizarro assassinated... • Pearl Buck born... • Berlin Airlift... • Condamnés à mort par la Révolution... • Battle of Mechanicsville... • Custer dead, Reno takes command... • Birth of UN...
a 26 June:
2002 AG Edwards upgrades (yes: up!) from Sell to Hold the shares of Qwest Communications International (Q), which fall from their previous close of $4.19 to an intraday low of $1.20 and close at $1.79. They had traded as high as $64.00 on 28 February 2000 (it would be interesting to know what the people who bought it at that price thought then, what they think now, and what they think now about what they thought then. More likely than not they were short-sellers who got squeezed. Short-selling is a great way to lose money even when you are fundamentally right.). [5~year price chart >]
2002 On the NASDAQ the stock of recording software company Roxio (ROXI) falls from its previous close of $14.95 to an intraday low of $6.12 and closes at $6.28. After its start at $15.89 on 30 April 2001, the stock had traded as high $25.30 on 18 April 2002. [< 1~year price chart]
2002 A Jefferson County, Kentucky, grand jury delivers a 42-count indictment charging Louis Miller, 71, Catholic priest (secularized after 46 years in the Louisville Archdiocese in March 2002 with more than 50 lawsuits against him), with indecent or immoral practices and sexual abuse while working at three Louisville parishes between 1960 and 1982, for multiple sexual encounters with 15 children, who were all under age 15.
2002 On the UN's Day of Solidarity With the Victims of Torture, the Vatican, which, unlike the practice (if not the law) on most other states, abandoned torture centuries ago, becomes the 129th country to ratify the 1987 UN Convention Against Torture.
2000 Rival scientific teams completed the first rough map of the human genetic code after a 10-year race.
2000 The US Supreme Court gave new power to its landmark Miranda decision of 1966, ruling that police still must warn the people they arrest of their "right to remain silent" when questioned.
1998 Workers forced not to work ^top^
During the early stretch of the 1990s, corporate America grew fond of downsizing, the practice of slashing work rolls in order to boost the bottom line. But, with the bull run of the late 1990s, downsizing was putatively discontinued and replaced by gentler methods of goosing profits.
Thus, on this day in 1998, struggling electrical giant AMP, Inc. opts not to lay off a part of its workforce, but instead forces 22'000 employees to take "mandatory furloughs." Along with this respite which took the form of either a week without pay or a "week-long holiday" AMP also announces that 2200 of its workers are volunteering for early retirement.
Despite its status as the international leader in the field of electrical connections, AMP's sales had been hit hard by the recent Asian economic crisis. Company chief William Hudson also placed blame on "higher than normal pricing pressures in the marketplace and a strong dollar, which led to losses in foreign currency translations." The move marked the second time in as many months that AMP had mandated furloughs in hopes of soothing its various ailments. Despite their efforts to avoid layoffs, AMP later laid off nearly 4000 employees in 1998, and while most jobs were replaced within a few months, an additional fifteen percent of AMP’s workforce (including the jobs that were replaced from the first round of layoffs) was eliminated in April 1999 when AMP was bought out by Tyco International, Ltd. That same April, AMP’s chairman and CEO Robert Ripp resigned, becoming yet another casualty of Tyco’s buyout.
1998 The US Supreme Court issues a landmark sexual harassment
ruling, putting employers on notice that they can be held responsible
for supervisors' misconduct even if they knew nothing about it.
1991 A Kentucky medical examiner announced that test results showed
President Zachary Taylor had died in 1850 of natural causes - and not
arsenic poisoning, as speculated by a writer. (Taylor's remains were
exhumed so that tissue samples could be taken.)
1990 La CE decide en Dublín su ayuda financiera a la URSS para apoyar la reforma económica de Mijail Gorbachov.
1989 The US Supreme Court rules that the death penalty may be imposed on murderers who committed their crimes as young as age 16, and on mentally retarded killers.
1988 Vigdis Finnbogadottir es reelegida presidenta de Islandia.
1987 US Supreme Court Justice Lewis F. Powell Jr. announces his retirement, leaving a vacancy that would be filled by Anthony M. Kennedy.
1986 Los irlandeses opuestos al divorcio ganan en referéndum a los partidarios de legalizarlo.
1982 US vetos UN Security Council resolution for a limited withdrawal from Beirut of Israeli & Palestine Liberation Organization forces
1978 Brittany separatists bomb Palace of Versailles in France
1975 Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi is convicted of election fraud and declares a state of emergency
1970 Alexander Dubcek es expulsado del Partido Comunista de Checoslovaquia.
1968 Iwo Jima & Bonin Islands returned to Japan by US
Kennedy's Ich bin ein Berliner speech
In June of 1963, President John F. Kennedy embarked on a visit to five Western European nations for the purpose of spreading good will and building unity among America's allies.
His first stop was Germany, a nation that less than 20 years before had been engaged in a quest for world conquest under the dictatorship of Hitler. Following Germany's defeat in the Second World War, the country had been divided in half, with East Germany under Soviet control and West Germany becoming a democratic nation.
East-West Germany soon became the focus of growing political tensions between the two new superpowers, the United States and the Soviet Union. Berlin, former capital of Hitler's Reich, became the political hot spot in this new 'cold' war. Although the city was located in East Germany, Berlin itself was divided, with East Berlin under Soviet control and West Berlin under US, English and French jurisdiction.
In 1948, the Soviets conducted a blockade of West Berlin's railroads, highways and waterways. For the next eleven months, the US and Britain conducted a massive airlift, supplying nearly two million tons of food, coal and industrial supplies to the besieged people.
In 1961, East German authorities began construction of a 4-meter-high wall which would eventually stretch for 160 km around the perimeter of West Berlin, preventing anyone from crossing to the West and to freedom. (Nearly 200 persons would be killed trying to pass over or dig under the wall.)
President Kennedy arrived in Berlin on 26 June, 1963, following appearances in Bonn, Cologne and Frankfurt, where he had given speeches to huge, wildly cheering crowds. In Berlin, an immense crowd gathered in the Rudolph Wilde Platz near the Berlin Wall to listen to the President who delivered this memorable speech above all the noise, concluding with the now famous ending, which however was unintentionally humorous. Kennedy wanted to say "I am a Berliner", but it was like saying I am a Hamburger instead of I am from Hamburg. Outside of Berlin, a well-known jelly donut is usually called a Berliner, short for Pfannkuchen Berliner. Comedians in Germany sometimes mention it in their routines, and everyone gets the double meaning.
I am proud to come to this city as the guest of your distinguished Mayor, who has symbolized throughout the world the fighting spirit of West Berlin. And I am proud to visit the Federal Republic with your distinguished Chancellor who for so many years has committed Germany to democracy and freedom and progress, and to come here in the company of my fellow American, General Clay, who has been in this city during its great moments of crisis and will come again if ever needed.
1961 A Kuwaiti vote opposes Iraq's annexation plans
1960 British Somaliland (now Somalia) gains independence from Britain
1960 Madagascar gains independence from France (National Day)
1948 US denounces Soviet blockade of Berlin
1940 Rumanía cede a la URSS Bucovina septentrional y Besarabia.
1935 El Gobierno italiano decide intervenir en Abisinia, alegando su derecho a civilizar a los habitantes de este país.
1934 FDR signs Federal Credit Union Act establishing credit unions
1934 W E B Du Bois resigns position at NAACP
1924 After 8 years of occupation, US troops leave the Domincan Republic
1924 El general Dámaso Berenguer, separado del servicio por su responsabilidad en los sucesos de Annual (1921).
1918 After a brief respite, the Germans begin firing their huge
420 mm howitzer "Big Bertha" at Paris.
A line of bayonets protruding from the earth still testifies to French
valor at Verdun in World War I.
1911 Nieuport sets an aircraft speed record of 134 km/h
1908 Shah Muhammad Ali's forces squelch the reform elements of Parliament in Persia.
1907 Russia's nobility demands drastic measures to be taken against revolutionaries.
1902 Start of Sherlock Holmes The Adventure of the 3 Garridebs (Case Book)
1900 A commission led by Dr. Walter Reed pursues his fight against Yellow Fever
1900 The United States announces it will send troops to fight against the Boxer rebellion in China.
1890 El gobierno de Sagasta establece el sufragio universal en España.
1863 Jubal Early and his Confederate forces move into Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. Did Lt. Gen. Richard Ewell lose Gettysburg?
1863 Siege of Port Hudson, Louisiana continues
1863 Siege of Vicksburg, Mississippi continues
1862 Battle of Beaver Dam Creek Union repulse Confederacy in Virginia
1862 General Robert E. Lee attacks McClellen's line at Mechanicsville, Ellerson's Mill, (Beaver Dam Creek), during Day 2 of the Seven Days near Richmond. The hard-fighting 44th Georgia suffered some of the heaviest losses of any regiment in the Civil War.
1822 El Estado decide asumir la compra, manufactura y venta del tabaco en España, primer paso hacia el monopolio estatal de este producto.
1797 Charles Newbold patents 1st cast-iron plow. He can't sell it to farmers, though, they fear effects of iron on soil!
1794 French defeat an Austrian army at the Battle of Fleurus.
1706 El archiduque Carlos de Austria es proclamado rey de España en un balcón de la Casa de la Panadería durante la Guerra de Sucesión española.
1483 Richard III usurps English throne
1243 The Seljuk Turkish army in Asia Minor is wiped out by the Mongols. The Mongol Invasion of Europe.
1097 The armies of the First Crusade (1096-99) occupy the ancient Byzantine city of Nicea.
1096 Peter the Hermit's crusaders force their way across Sava, Hungary. Their first victorious encounter with Europeans had left the Turks with a low opinion of Crusaders, but the second Christian wave was made of sterner stuff.
0684 St Benedict II begins his reign as Pope.
| Deaths which
occurred on a 26 June:|
2002 Daniel H. Case, 44, of brain cancer, former chairman of San Francisco's investment bank JPMorgan Hambrecht & Quist, which specializes in advising technology and life companies. Daniel Case was the older brother of Stephen Case, chairman of AOL Time Warner.
2002 Ten Pakistani soldiers and two of the Al Qaeda terrorrists conducting a surprise pre-dawn attack with shoulder-fired rockets on the Pakistanis in the village of Azam Warsak, about 10 km from the Afghan border, in the South Waziristan tribal area of Pakistan.
1990 Joseph C. R. Licklider, following complications from asthma, computer scientist, born on 11 March 1915.
1990 Manuel de Pedrolo, escritor español.
1989 Antonio Abad Ojuel, periodista y ensayista español.
1987 Cincuenta personas al estrellarse un avión en la isla de Luzón (Filipinas).
1975 José María Escrivá de Balaguer, sacerdote español, fundador del Opus Dei.
1951 George Yule, mathematician
1946 Kerékjártó, mathematician.
1927 Jean-Baptiste-Armand Guillaumin, French Impressionist landscape painter and engraver born on 16 February 1841. MORE ON GUILLAUMIN AT ART 4 JUNE LINKS Self-Portrait Self~Portrait Self~Portrait With Easel Rainy Weather Enfant Couché [le fils de l'artiste] Paysage au Chariot La Seine Sunset at Ivry Outskirts of Paris La Place Valhubert, Paris Le Quai de Bercy Path in Snow Rocks by the Sea at Agay
1906 Alexander Muir, 76, Canadian school teacher, poet. MUIR ONLINE: 13 poems (of which the most famous is The Maple Leaf Forever, which Muir set to music).
1835 baron Antoine-Jean Gros, by suicide, French Neoclassical and Romantic painter. He was born on 16 March 1771. MORE ON GROS AT ART 4 JUNE LINKS Napoléon Bonaparte on Arcole Bridge on 17 November 1796 (1797) _ Napoléon Bonaparte on Arcole Bridge (Gros' copy of the 1797 painting) Napoléon on the Battlefield of Eylau on 9 February 1807 _ detail Napoléon in the Pesthouse at Jaffa Madame Récamier
1829 Johann Heinrich Wilhelm Tischbein, German painter specialized in Portraits born on 15 February 1751. MORE ON TISCHBEIN AT ART 4 JUNE LINKS Goethe in The Roman Campagna (Tischbein was a friend of Goethe [28 Aug 1749 22 March 1832])
1809 Georg Frederik Ziesel, Flemish artist born in 1756.
1274 Nasir al_Tusi, mathematician.
| Births which occurred on
a 26 June:
1964 Zeng Jinlian, Hunan, China, she would grow up... and up... and up... and become tallest woman known 2.46 m
1946 Virgilio Zapatero Gómez, político español.
1927 Juan Velarde Fuertes, economista español.
1918 Luke, mathematician
1901 Stuart Symington (Sen-D-Mo)
1898 Wilhelm Emil Messerschmitt, German engineer who build fighters and jet aircraft for Nazi Germany.
1887 Anthony G de Rothschild Britain, philanthropist
1878 Löwenheim, mathematician.
1874 Frank Tenney Johnson, US painter who died in 1939, specialized in the US West. MORE ON JOHNSON AT ART 4 JUNE LINKS The Rustler Grizzly Bear in Winter Forest
1870 Ignacio Zuloaga y Zabaleta, pintor español. Murió en 1945. Algunos de sus cuadros (no disponibles online) son: Achieta (1913) Merceditas (1913) Mrs. Philip Lydig (1912) Sepúlveda (1909) Mujer en Vestido Andaluz (1913).
1824 William Thomson (Lord Kelvin), mathematician, engineer, physicist.
1821 Bartolomé Mitre, estadista y general argentino.
1819 Abner Doubleday, Civil War General who was incorrectly credited with inventing US baseball.
1819 Elias Pieter van Bommel, Dutch artist who died in 1890.
1783 Jean-Antoine Duclos, French artist who died on 21 May 1868.
1763 George Morland, British painter who died on 29 October 1804. LINKS Sketches of farm animals, an old man and two little girls (1800, 40x53cm) Two boys in garden, rake and barrel on ground (etching) The Ale House Door
1735 Joseph Ducreux, French pastellist, miniaturist, First Painter to Queen Marie-Antoinette. Ducreux died on 24 July 1802. LINKS Portrait de l'Artiste Sous les Traits d'un Moqueur Portrait de l'Artiste Sous les Traits d'un Moqueur [presqu'identique aux deux tiers du haut du précédent]
1730 Charles Messier, French comet-hunting astronomer who discovered 13 comets and made a catalog of 103 fuzzy astronomical objects (all called nebulae at the time) so as not to confuse them with comets. These Messier objects [NOT named thus because they are more messy than stars] turned out to include Open Clusters, Globular Clusters, Planetary Nebulae, Diffuse Nebulae, Spiral Galaxies, Elliptical Galaxies, Irregular Galaxies, Lenticular Galaxies, Supernova Remnants, Systems of 4 stars or Asterisms, Milky Way Patches, Binary stars, and even some objects of dubious existence (M 40, 47, 48, 91, 102). Messier died on 12 April 1817.
1557 Leandro Bassano da Ponte, Italian Mannerist painter who died on 15 April 1622. MORE ON BASSANO AT ART 4 JUNE LINKS Moses Striking the Rock Portrait of an Old Man