CURRENT UPDATES: TODAY2 TO TODAY+2
| On a June 24:
2002 In Ring v. Arizona (01-488), the US Supreme Court, 7 to 2, overturns the death sentences of 168 convicted murderers, ruling that juries and not judges must make sentencing decisions, in line with its 26 June 2000 Apprendi v. New Jersey (99-478) ruling that juries, not judges, must decide whether to add 2 years to a prison sentence for a hate crime.
2002 After an 8-week trial in a Federal court, Providence, Rhode Island, still-popular Mayor Vincent A. Buddy Cianci Jr. is convicted of racketeering conspiracy, together with his former chief of staff Frank E. Corrente and auto-body shop owner Richard Autiello, for the thousands of dollars in bribes Cianci received in exchange for city jobs, contracts and leases after he returned to office in 1990. A former Republican who is now an independent, Cianci has been Providence's mayor since 1974, except for 1984 to 1990 as a popular local radio host, after he pleaded no contest to beating his estranged wife's lover with a fireplace log and got a five-year suspended sentence.
2000 First US Presidential Webcast, in which Clinton announces the website http://www.firstgov.com/ which, within 90 days will centralize all US government information for the public.
2000 [Saturday] First of two days of Parliamentary elections in Zimbabwe.
1996 A jury orders the city of Philadelphia to pay $1.5 million
in damages for the bombing of MOVE headquarters in 1985 that killed 11
1991 The US Supreme Court rules that the First Amendment did not shield news organizations from being sued when they publish the names of sources who had been promised confidentiality.
1986 US Senate approves "tax reform"
1982 US Equal Rights Amendment goes down to defeat
| 1970 US Senate votes overwhelmingly to repeal the Gulf
of Tonkin Resolution.
1968 Deadline for redeeming US silver certificate dollars for silver bullion
1967 Pope Paul VI issues his Encyclical Sacerdotalis Caelibatus -- On the Celibacy of the Priest
1966 Period of relative peace following WW II exceeds that following WW I
1964 The Federal Trade Commission announces that starting in 1965, cigarette manufactures will be required to include warnings on their packaging about the harmful effects of smoking.
1963 Zanzibar granted internal self-government by Britain
1963 first demonstration of home video recorder, at BBC Studios, London
1948 Republican National Convention in Philadelphia nominates NY governor Thomas Dewey as presidential candidate.
1941 President Franklin Roosevelt pledges all possible support to the Soviet Union. The ships of the doomed Allied convoy PQ-17 followed orders and began to disperse in the Arctic waters.
1940 Les Italiens occupent Menton -- Armistice entre la France et l'Italie (France signs an armistice with Italy during WW II) Italy's Breda Ba.65 was not the best ground-attack plane to see action in World War II, it may well have been the worst.
1932 Coup ends absolute monarchy in Thailand
1931 The Soviet Union and Afghanistan sign a treaty of neutrality.
1930 first radar detection of planes, Anacostia DC
1923 Straits Treaty
1913 Greece and Serbia annul their alliance with Bulgaria following border disputes over Macedonia and Thrace. In 1878, Bulgaria had no army. By 1913, it had one of the most formidable land forces in Europe.
1910 The Japanese army invades Korea.
1901 First art exhibit of Pablo Picasso, 19. MORE AT ART 4 JUNE
1898 US troops drive Spanish forces from La Guasimas Cuba.
1884 John Lynch is first black elected chairman of Republican convention
1864 Maryland abolishes slavery
1863 Siege of Vicksburg, Mississippi continues
1863 Siege of Port Hudson, Louisiana continues
1861 Tennessee becomes 11th (and last) state to secede from US
1861 Federal gunboats attack Confederate batteries at Mathias Point, Virginia.
1858 Le ministère d'Algérie. Le prince Jérôme, cousin de Napoléon III, prend en charge le portefeuille du ministère de l'Algérie. Le 26 novembre 1860, le même ministère est dissous...
1821 Battle of Carabobo; Bolivar defeats royalists outside of Caracas
1813 Battle of Beaver DamBritish and Indian forces defeat US forces
1793 First republican constitution in France adopted
1662 Dutch invasion of Macau repulsed (Macau Day)
1540 Henry VIII divorces his 4th wife, Anne of Cleves
1535 Anabaptists Protestants conquerered and disbanded
1527 King Gustavus of Sweden assembles the Diet of Wester's, for the purpose of carrying through the Protestant Reformation in Sweden.
1509 Henry VIII crowned King of England. Buckingham Palace is a symbol of strength and tradition.
1497 Italian explorer John Cabot, sailing in the service of England, lands in North America on what is now Newfoundland or the northern Cape Breton Island in Canada. He claims eastern Canada for England
1340 Défaite de l'Ecluse (Sluys). Parce que Jacques Van Artevelde a reconnu Edouard III d'Angleterre comme roi de France légitime, Philippe VI, qui a à sa disposition une puissante flotte, veut engager une bataille navale contre les Zélandais. Ses géniaux amiraux ont ancrés celle-ci dans le port de l'Ecluse près de Bruges. Les navires sont piègés et pris à l'abordage par les archers anglais. La flotte française est presque totalement détruite. The English fleet defeats the French fleet off the Flemish coast an Sluys.
1322 Jews are expelled from France
1314 Battle of Bannockburn; Scottish forces led by Robert I the Bruce win an overwhelming victory over Edward II of England. England's warrior-king Edward I won victories against such renowned foes as Baybars, Llewellyn and Wallace.
1190 Testatement de Philippe Auguste. Sur le point de partir avec Richard Coeur de Lion pour la troisième croisade, Philippe Auguste, ce jour, organise par un testament ce que doit être le gouvernement pendant son absence.
which occurred on a June 24:
2002 Some 200 persons as a passenger train speeding backward downhill out-of-control for 30 minutes hits an oncoming cargo train in Igandu near Mpwapwa, Tanzania, at about 08:30. Some 800 are injured. All the passenger train's 22 coaches, except one second-class coach, derailed and overturned. As the passenger train was climbing the Fufu escarpment at Igandu to reach Dodoma, its engine failed. After mechanics fixed it, the train rolled backwards to test the engine, which failed again as well as the brakes. The engineer jumped off and suffered only minor injuries.
2002 Pierre Werner, 88 [photo >], conservative Christian Social People's Party prime minister of Luxembourg (1959-1974, 1979-1984), early proponent (1970) of a common European currency.
2002 Amr Kouffa, Yasser Rizak and two his brothers, another man, and one of drivers of the two taxis in which the victims are, attacked by Israeli Apache helicopter gunships in the Rafah area of the southern Gaza Strip, early in the day. Rizak, the main target, was Yasser Rizak, the Rafah-area commander of the Hamas military arm., of which Kouffa was a key activist.
2001 Osama Jawabri, 29, when a public telephone exploded while he was making a call. Jawabri regularly used the public pay phone, which was near his house on a square in central Nablus, West Bank. Jawabri was a member of the Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigade, which has killed Jewish settlers, and participated in attacks in the West Bank and Israel. He has long been sought by Israel.
2001 Budhwa Oraon, 50, and his wife, Baili Oraon, 55, beaten and their throats slit by a mob of villagers who accused them of practicing witchcraft, causing the death of some children, in the Lalganj area the state of Jharkhand, India.
1975: 113 persons as an Eastern Airlines Boeing 727 crashes while attempting to land during a thunderstorm at New York's John F. Kennedy airport.
1964 Stuart Davis, US Abstract painter born on 07 December 1894. MORE ON DAVIS AT ART 4 JUNE LINKS Self~Portrait Ivy League Untitled Report from Rockport The Mellow Pad Rapt at Rapport's (1952) Owh! in San Pao
1953 Albert Gleizes, French artist born on 08 December 1881. LINKS
1938 Pedro Figari, Uruguayan artist born on 20 June 1861.
1922 Dr Walter Rathenau German foreign minister killed by anti-semites
1915 Some 800 die as excursion steamer Eastland capsizes in Chicago
1909 Sarah Orne Jewett, JEWETT ONLINE: The Country of the Pointed Firs , The King of Folly Island, and Other People, Tales of New England , A White Heron , Selected works and commentary
1908 Grover Cleveland, in Princeton, 22nd and 24th US President (Democrat), born on 18 March 1837 son of a Presbyterian minister. Grover Cleveland became a lawyer, was elected sheriff, then mayor of Buffalo, then governor of New York state. After his second presidency, Cleveland worked as an insurance executive.
1901 Joseph (Flavius Josephus) Cook, COOK ONLINE: Outlines of Music Hall Lectures, Embracing Five Addresses on Factory Reform in the Largest Trade of the United States
1877 Robert Dale Owen. OWEN ONLINE: A New View of Society
1870 Adam Lindsay Gordon. GORDON ONLINE: Ashtaroth: A Dramatic Lyric , Bush Ballads and Galloping Rhymes , Poems , Sea Spray and Smoke Drift
1832 Osipovsky, mathematician.
1693 Isaac Willaerts, Dutch artist born in 1620.
| Births which occurred on
a 24 June:
1913 Mario Servando Carreño, Cuban painter. LINKS
1909 Penney, mathematician.
1883 Jean Metzinger, French Cubist painter who died in November 1956. LINKS
1880 Oswald Veblen, mathematician.
1878 Constantin Parthenis, Greek artist who died in 1987.
1866 Giovanni Bartolena, Italian artist who died in 1942.
1865 Robert Henri, US artist who died in 1929.
1851 Peder Severin Krøyer, Norwegian Danish artist who died on 20 November 1909. LINKS
1850 Horatio Herbert Kitchener England, original Order of Merit member.
1847 Joseph Noël Sylvestre, French artist who died on 08 November 1926.
1842 Ambrose Gwinnet Bierce US, satirist who wrote The Friend's Delight and The Devil's Dictionary. BIERCE ONLINE: Can Such Things Be?, Fantastic Fables, : My Favorite Murder, An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge
1839 Gustavus Franklin Swift founded Swift and Co
1831 Rebecca Blaine Harding (married name: Davis). HARDING ONLINE: Bits of Gossip, Frances Waldeaux , Life in the Iron-Mills
1813 Henry Ward Beecher. BEECHER ONLINE: The Beecher Trial: A Review of the Evidence , Life Thoughts, Gathered from the Extemporaneous Discourses of Henry Ward Beecher , Morning and Evening Exercises , New Star Papers: or, Views and Experiences of Religious Subjects , Plain and Pleasant Talk about Fruits, Flowers and Farming, War and Emancipation
1771 E I Du Pont France, chemist/scientist (Du Pont)
1744 Wybrand Hendriks, Dutch artist who died on 28 January 1831.
1616 Ferdinand Janszoon van Bol, Dutch Baroque era painter who died on 24 July 1680. Ferdinand Bol Leaning on Window Sill (etching) by von Bartsch. Young Man in Velvet Cap (Ferdinand Bol) (etching) by Rembrandt. MORE ON VAN BOL AT ART 4 JUNE LINKS Self Portrait Aeneas at the Court of Latinus Consul Titus Manlius Torquatus Beheading His Son Elisabeth Jacobsdochter Bas Maria Rey, Wife of Roelof Meulenaer Roelof Meulenaer The Peace Negotiations between Claudius Civilis and Cerealis Venus and Adonis Jacob's Dream Portrait of a Man David's Dying Charge to Solomon
1542: Juan de Yepes y Álvarez, better known as Saint John of the Cross. SAINT JOHN OF THE CROSS ONLINE: Ascent of Mount Carmel , Dark Night of the Soul, The Living Flame of Love, A Spiritual Canticle of the Soul and the Bridegroom Christ
1519 Theodore Beza, French-born Swiss theological reformer. Beza became the acknowledged leader of the Swiss Calvinists, following John Calvin's death in 1564.